Polo is an equestrian sport played on horseback between two teams of four players each who use mallets with long, flexible handles to drive a wooden ball down a grass field and between two goal posts. It is the oldest of equestrian sports, with its origins tracing back to the 6th century BC in Persia.
The game is played in several periods called chukkas (from the Urdu word: chakkar which means “all”). Each chukka lasts 7 minutes and 30 seconds, and there are usually 6 to 8 chukkas in a game. The players have 3 minutes of rest between each chukka and a 5 minute break at half-time.
The objective of the game is to score more goals than the opposing team. A goal is scored when the ball passes through the opposing team's goal posts. The ball can be hit with the mallet in any direction, and players are allowed to hit the ball out of the air.
Polo is a physically demanding sport that requires a high level of horsemanship, agility, and teamwork. It is also a very expensive sport, as the horses and equipment are very costly.
There are two main types of polo: field polo and arena polo. Field polo is played on a large grass field, while arena polo is played on a smaller, enclosed field. Arena polo is a faster-paced game than field polo, and it is often seen as a more spectator-friendly version of the sport.
Polo is a popular sport in many countries around the world, including Argentina, India, Pakistan, the United States, and the United Kingdom. It is also an Olympic sport, and it has been included in the Summer Olympics since 1900.
Here are some of the equipment used in polo:
- Mallet: A long, wooden stick with a flat head that is used to hit the ball.
- Helmet: A protective helmet that is worn to protect the rider's head from injury.
- Shirt: A brightly colored shirt that is worn to identify the player's team.
- Riding boots: Sturdy boots that are worn to protect the rider's feet and ankles.
- White trousers: White trousers that are worn to provide contrast with the ball.
- Optional equipment: Kneepads, face mask, whip, and gloves.
Polo - Clubs - Asia Pacific, Australia, New Zealand